The elephant population around the globe is dwindling, and according to a recent estimate, the population has fallen to less than half million. For fulfilling human pursuits, these beautiful mammals have been murdered. There are still few enthusiasts left that are dedicated to saving the lives of these gentle giants. Although they are not close to extinction, an individual should be alarmed by the fall in their numbers at a rapid pace. Unfortunately, elephants are endangered species. The lives of elephants are in danger for various reasons. A number of them are discussed below. Occupation of their habitat has rendered them homeless. With growing human population and need for more space, people have cut forests. Thus, destroying the elephant’s ecosystem and limiting its presence to smaller pockets. Elephants attack habitats inhabited by people since they believe they belong there. They’re known to have an excellent memory, which gets them back to their old habitats through times of crisis. On seeing their place being occupied by humans, they tend to become aggressive since they feel threatened. Many elephants are killed in such attempts of reoccupying their old habitats. If you are searching for more information on save elephant foundation, visit here.
Human occupation of forest lands and cutting down of natural vegetation has depleted food for elephants. This, then, is leading to a lot of herds starving because of lack of food. Elephants are declared endangered because they continue to be poached for their tusks. These elephants are hunted more than Asian elephants since their tusks are more and bring the poachers a lot of money in illegal ivory markets. The malpractice has been curbed, but it has not stopped completely. Death of an adult from the herd affects their numbers since these mammals reproduce just once or twice in their whole lifetime. Widespread usage of fertilizers in agricultural lands is causing pollution of water bodies. A whole lot of these toxic chemicals are washed into water bodies, like rivers, ponds and lakes. Even in some areas groundwater has been polluted. So, when elephants consume polluted water, they become more prone to diseases and disorders. The pollution also hurts their reproductive cycle.
These places are places cordoned off with high fences. As a result, the animals living in reserve are kept away familiar breeding ground and water bodies. Many elephants try escaping over book fences, and some of them die due to injuries. Others perish due to solitude and depression. Just those elephants living in reservations from birth manage to survive in them. In addition to preventing trees from being cut down, conservationists have been planting new hardwood trees. These trees that are immaculate will help replenish the volcano faster so that elephants can once more enjoy a larger area. Plans are also being developed to carry similar programs across to give back the natural environment. The main focus of the conservation effort is on the elephants’ habitat. Recently intensive logging and farming have resulted in huge swathes of forest leaving less than 15% of the original area. Conservation charities have been working hard with local communities to stop the devastation.